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<xTITLE>Touching Story of Relationship of Constructive Engagement in Conflict</xTITLE>

Touching Story of Relationship of Constructive Engagement in Conflict

by John Lande
March 2017


John Lande

I think that one of our main missions in the DR field is to promote constructive engagement in conflict.  We know that conflict is inevitable and it can be constructive and/or destructive.  Often, when people are in conflict, it is very destructive and everyone just wants to end the conflict as quickly as possible while minimizing the economic and non-economic costs as much as possible.  Sometimes that is the best possible outcome, though sometimes people miss opportunities for more constructive engagement, which is particularly valuable when antagonists have repeated disputes with each other.

I mention all this having read an article by former US Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power appreciating Vitality Churkin, the Russian UN Ambassador, who died recently.  Ambassador Power described how, even as the conflicts between their governments escalated, the ambassadors’ personal and professional relationships deepened.  While they often vigorously argued with each other, they maintained a respectful, caring, and even affectionate friendship.  This is a lovely, rich article worth reading.

While she strongly criticized Russian policies that Ambassador Churkin defended, she wrote, “I also believe that it is imperative that we try to build relationships with individual Russians, who are as complex and contradictory as the rest of us.  Indeed, our security depends on our ability to reach across ideological divides to understand one another, but also to try to solve problems together.”  Her predecessor advised, “‘Invest in your relationship with Churkin.  He will drive you crazy, but you will need each other.’”

Ambassador Power continued, “Whether in months-long negotiations or in huddles held minutes before a vote, we were able to disagree vehemently on fundamentals, but find a way to listen and discern what the other needed.  Once the two of us had settled on a plan, other countries tended to defer, reasoning that if we had found common ground, so could they.”

Like many professional negotiators, they often cooperated behind the scenes trying to convince their principals – sometimes unsuccessfully – to accept agreements that the negotiators thought were in both countries’ interests.

The true story of this relationship reminded me of the wonderful play, A Walk in the Woods, which David Matz and I discussed as part of the Tower of Babel Symposium virtual book club.  This hilariously insightful play was inspired by actual events involving US and Soviet arms control negotiators.

Lawyers sometimes have respectful, constructive, and even friendly relationships with “opposing counsel” on the other side of a matter.  That’s why some of us prefer to use the term “counterpart” lawyers, reflecting the complex, nuanced relationships between them.  I think it is appropriate for law school faculty – especially those of us teaching DR – to present this as a preferred model whenever it is appropriate.


John Lande is the Isidor Loeb Professor Emeritus at the University of Missouri School of Law and former director of its LLM Program in Dispute Resolution.  He received his J.D. from Hastings College of Law and Ph.D in sociology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.  He began mediating professionally in 1982 in California. He was a fellow at the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School and the Director of the Mediation Program at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law School. His work focuses on various aspects of dispute systems design, including publications analyzing how lawyering and mediation practices transform each other, business lawyers’ and executives’ opinions about litigation and ADR, designing court-connected mediation programs, improving the quality of mediation practice, the “vanishing trial,” and planned early negotiation.   The International Institute for Conflict Prevention and Resolution gave him its award for best professional article for Principles for Policymaking about Collaborative Law and Other ADR Processes, 22 Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution 619 (2007). The ABA recently published his book, Lawyering with Planned Early Negotiation: How You Can Get Good Results for Clients and Make Money.  His website, where you can download his publications, is

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