Presidential candidate Barack Obama's main political message represents the absorption of the mediation movement's essential themes at the highest level of national and global politics. This is an accomplishment that should not go unnoticed and one that all mediators, whatever our political leanings, should take great pride in. Obama's candidacy is mediative consciousness' coming out party. Could it be that our work is finally paying off, not only in terms of "miracles in the mediation room," but also in terms of truly improving the way we as humans operate on planet earth? I think so. We are experiencing a popular paradigm shift right before our eyes and mediators and mediative thought are largely responsible.
If we trace mediation's "political history," and acknowledging that there are many roots to the modern mediation movement, including good old common sense, the growth of mediation surely followed the divisiveness of the Viet Nam War. One example was the establishment of Neighborhood Justice Centers in the late 60’s, which have since morphed into over 1000 nationwide community mediation programs. Family, workplace, civil and environmental mediation blossomed during the 70s and 80s. Especially under the (Bill) Clinton administration, ADR and mediation were institutionalized beyond many of our wildest dreams.
The relationship of the growth of alternate conflict resolution to the ending of the Viet Nam War is well-stated by Bernie Mayer in his Mediate.com interview, “We knew what we were against. It wasn’t so clear what we were for. In the end, that proved to be a sense of participatory democracy, of involvement and collaboration.”
Virtually all federal agencies now have mediation programs, often a number of them. Programs like ADA, EEOC, Postal REDRESS, and IDEA are just a few among many creative and evolving programs. The military itself has many of the most sophisticated mediation programs. Former Attorney General Janet Reno surely was a vigorous advocate for mediation and ADR. And one should not forget the leadership role of former Chief Justice Warren Burger. Thirty years ago, Burger invited Professor Sander to present a paper at the Roscoe Pound Conference of 1976, a historic gathering of legal scholars and jurists brought together to discuss ways to address popular dissatisfaction with the American legal system and reform the administration and delivery of justice. Sander’s paper, “The Pound Conference: Perspectives on Justice in the Future,“ profoundly influenced and transformed both ADR and the American legal system.
Unfortunately, whether it be based on intentional politics, events beyond one's control, or simple neglect, there has been a pendular swing in the wrong direction with the Bush administration. Initially, there was talk of compassionate conservatism and being a “uniter, not a divider.” Despite the rhetoric, and surely spurred on by 9-11, ours quickly became the “non-negotiable” society, fear-based and seemingly under attack by the world. We became a society of pre-emptive wars, occupation of others, of red and blue states. If only because of other priorities, there has been little political or social growth of mediation over the past 7 years. Because of lack of leadership and funding, a number of state mediation and dispute resolution centers have closed. Without supportive leadership, the growth of the profession during the Bush administration has been flat at best.
The pendulum is, however, swinging again, and this time with greater force and clarity than ever before. As vacuous as the last 8 years have been for the growth of mediation, we are now witnessing the birth of popular mediative consciousness in America. We are at a unique moment in history where there is a very good chance that mediation and constructive conflict resolution will be understood, supported and take off to degrees not previously imagined. Does leadership matter? You bet. Words matter! Words are the things that create the space and time for action.
Please consider Obama’s “meditative” language from the most recent Texas debate:
- “ . . . it is important for the United States to not just to talk to its friends but also to talk to its enemies. In fact, that's where diplomacy makes the biggest difference.”
- “I recall what John F. Kennedy once said, that we should never negotiate out of fear, but we should never fear to negotiate. And this moment, this opportunity when Fidel Castro has finally stepped down, I think is one that we should try to take advantage of.”
- “But I do think it is important, precisely because the Bush administration has done so much damage to American foreign relations, that the president take a more active role in diplomacy than might have been true 20 or 30 years ago. I think that it's important for us, in undoing the damage that has been done over the last seven years, for the president to be willing to take that extra step.”
- “We are a nation of laws and we are a nation of immigrants, and we can reconcile those two things.”
- “And the Bush administration is not real good at listening. That's not what they do well. (Laughter.) And so I will reverse that policy.”
- “. . . And what they see is that if we don't bring the country together, stop the endless bickering, actually focus on solutions and reduce the special interests that have dominated Washington, then we will not get anything done. And the reason that this campaign has done so well -- (applause) -- the reason that this campaign has done so well is because people understand that it is not just a matter of putting forward policy positions.
- Senator Clinton and I share a lot of policy positions. But if we can't inspire the American people to get involved in their government, and if we can't inspire them to go beyond the racial divisions and the religious divisions and the regional divisions, that have plagued our politics for so long, then we will continue to see the kind of gridlock and non-performance in Washington that is resulting in families suffering in very real ways.”
- “And I've said that I'm going to do things differently. I think we have to open up the process, everybody has to have a seat the table, and most importantly, the American people have to be involved and educated about how this change is going to be brought about.”
I call mediation, considered over the past 40 years, the “silent revolution.” Despite all of the challenges, and with precious little fanfare, mediation has been institutionalized as the primary means by which we resolve disputes in America and, increasingly, in the world. Our courts and due process agencies could not function without mediation. We are now in a historic time, a moment when a leading presidential candidate is running based upon what is, essentially, a meditative message, both explicit and by his demeanor. Should Obama win, it will be because of his perceived calm, his judgment, his ability to bring people together and the perceived preference of his serving the American people as our #1 negotiator and #1 mediator.
As much as I am attracted to the progressive policies of the (Hillary) Clinton campaign, and the courage and maverick qualities of McCain, with Clinton and McCain it is, in fact, “business as usual.” The way to success is to overcome the opponent, not work with the opponent. In Obama we have a man with a message and temperament that are new and unique. Obama is basing his campaign on all that is good about participatory democracy. He is basing his campaign on what many mediators have silently worked for over decades. We are witnessing American society and the world becoming wiser in resolving our future challenges.
Despite mediators’ tendency to be silent in political matters, perhaps understandably seeking to protect our valued impartiality and neutrality, mediators also have dreams and hopes which, in fact, drove many of us to mediation--our dreams and hopes for a better world more capable of dealing with conflict, even most capable of dealing with conflict. It would be hard as a mediator to not cheer on Obama’s message. And so, as many of us grapple with whether mediators and mediation are also political interests deserving to be most capably expressed in our pluralistic society, we should surely take some credit for this unique moment in history. We have shifted the political dialogue. We are the foundation upon which collaborative future problem-solving is being built. Decades of humble, hard work are paying off in our national and global dialogue. Our society has been and is being educated about better ways. Obama’s post-partisan message is mediation’s political triumph.